The routing of the hose assembly and the environment in which the hose assembly operates directly influence the service life of the hose assembly. The following diagrams indicate the correct routing of hose assemblies that will maximise its service life and assure a safe working functionality.
When hose installation is straight, it must be assured that there is enough slack in the hose to allow for changes in length that occur when pressure is applied. When pressurized, hose that is too short may pull loose from its hose fittings or stress the hose fitting connections, causing premature metallic or seal failures.
The hose length must be determined so that the hose assembly has enough slack to allow the system components to move or vibrate without creating tension in the hose.
However, care needs to be taken not to allow too much slack and therefore introduce the risk of the hose snagging on other equipment or rubbing on other components.
Mechanical straining of the hoses needs to be avoided, so the hose must not be bent below its minimum bend radius or twisted during installation. The minimum bending radii for each hose is stated in the hose tables in the catalogue.
The plane of movement must also be considered and the hose routing selected accordingly. Hose routing also plays an important role on the selection of the hose fittings, as the correct fittings can avoid straining the hoses, unnecessary hose length or multiple threaded joints.
Correct clamping (holding/supporting) of the hose should be exercised to securely route the hose or to avoid the hose contacting surfaces that will cause the hose damage.
It is however, vital that the hose be allowed to keep its functionality as a “flexible-pipe” and not be restricted from changing in length when under pressure.
It should also be noted that hoses for high- and low-pressure lines shall not be crossed or clamped together, as the difference in changes in length could wear the hose covers.
Hose should not be bent in more than one plane. If hose follows a compound bend, it shall be coupled into separate segments or clamped into segments that each flex in only one plane.
Hoses should be kept away from hot parts as high ambient temperatures shorten hose life. Protective insulation may need to be used in unusually high ambient temperature areas.
Whilst the importance of the functionality is primate the aesthetics and practicalityof the installation should also be considered in the design.
It should be considered that maintenance might be necessary at some stage in the future, so prohibitive design routings should be avoided.
In general care should be taken that the hose is not exposed to direct surface contact that will cause abrasive wearing of the outer cover (either hose to object or hose to hose contact). If however, the application is such that this cannot be avoided, either a hose with a higher abrasion resistant hose cover or a protective sleeve need to be used.
Parker(TC) or(ST) covers offer 80 times or respectively 450 times the abrasion resistance of standard rubbercovers.